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    Ancient Chinese Brewery Discovered
    Date/Time: 2016/05/31
    Synopsis:
    A 5,000-year-old brewery has been discovered in China. Archaeologists have unearthed what looks to be the oldest beer-making facility ever. At the Mijiaya site in the Central Plains of China, the team uncovered ancient underground rooms built between 3400 and 2900 B.C. The rooms contain funnels, pots and specialized jugs that could have been used for brewing, filtration and storage, and look very similar to what is used in the making of beer today.
     
    Based on grain residue found inside the brewing vessels, researchers surmise that the recipe included a mix of fermented grains; broomcorn millet, barley and a chewy Asian grain called Chinese pearl barley, also known as Job’s tears. Though research shows that the starchy and sugary parts of plants known as tubers were used to sweeten and flavor the beer, Wang Jiajing, the archaeologist from Stanford University who is leading the study, speculates that the beverage probably had a slightly sour taste, based on the ingredients used.
     
     
    考古学家近日在中国出土一座已有5000年历史的酿酒坊,这可能是世界上最古老的啤酒酿造设备了。这一发现位于西安米家崖遗址,这间位于地下的房间建立于公元前3400和2900年。房间配备有漏斗、疑似是用于酿造的特殊水壶、过滤设备和容器,与现代的酿酒设备十分相似。
     
    根据现场酿造容器中残留的谷物分析,古代啤酒原料由黍、大麦、薏米和少量根茎作物混合而成。虽然研究显示古代啤酒使用了植物淀粉和糖分用来增加啤酒的甜味,但是负责该项研究的斯坦福大学考古专业博士生王佳静说,根据所使用的原料,口感可能会偏苦。
     

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